The study combines a nationwide survey comparing experiences of LGB and heterosexual employees, taking into consideration factors such gender, age, ethnicity, disability and class, with six case studies involving the Royal Navy, Manchester Prison, a large NHS Trust, a financial sector institution, a major UK retailer and a large voluntary organisation. The case studies will investigate how LGBs make sense of their working experiences with a particular focus on level of openness about their sexuality in the workplace, heterosexual colleagues’ attitudes to LGBs, and how actions by management and trade unions might impact on disclosure and negative work experiences.
Awarding body and amount: Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) (£432,000)
Compulsory Retirement: An Interdisciplinary Perspective
Research team: Dr. Elaine Dewhurst, Lecturer in Employment Law, University of Manchester; Dr. Sheena Johnson, Senior Lecturer in Organisational Psychology, Manchester Business School; Mr. Gary Lynch-Wood, Senior Lecturer in Law and Governance, University of Manchester.
Overview: Three distinct research questions will be investigated (1) How do the existing legal norms relating to compulsory retirement operate in the UK and how are they are being implemented? (2) What organisational responses arise from the operation of these norms and how do organizational responses differ? (3) What are the attitudes of senior management to such norms?
Methodology: qualitative pilot assessment of the legal rules, organisational and senior management responses to compulsory retirement in certain employment sectors (the legal sector and the retail sector) within the Greater Manchester area. The pilot study will conclude by identifying differences in organisational and senior management responses (if any) between sectors and what their understanding of the currently open and vague legal rules mean for the successful implementation and enforcement of existing age discrimination laws.
Outcome: Development of a large scale international and interdisciplinary research funding proposal to conduct a quantitative study of organisational, senior management and employee responses to compulsory retirement rules in Europe.
Awarding Body and Amount: University of Manchester Strategic Investment Reserve Fund (SIRF): £12,907
Social inclusion, migration and unions in the European Union
Research Team: Miguel Martinez Lucio, Heather Connolly (De Montfort University) and Stefania Marino
The research is based on a three country study which took place from 2008–2011 studying trade unions, migration and social exclusion/inclusion in the Netherlands, Spain and the UK and funded by the Leverhulme Trust. The research methodology has been qualitative with a focus on gaining an in-depth understanding of the evolution of trade union strategies in Spain. The research has also included some participant observation of trade union congresses and visits to trade union offices and union-run migrant worker information centres and offices in five regional states within Spain. The project focused on the way trade unions have responded to immigration and discusses some of the issues that emerge in relation to education, labour market access, social support, political voice and other levers for inclusion. Papers have so far been published in the Journal of Business Ethics and in Urban Studies.
Awarding Body and Amount: The Leverhulme Trust £180,000
Public Sector Pay and Social Dialogue during the Fiscal Crisis in Europe
Research team: Damian Grimshaw (PI), Stefania Marino & Jill Rubery
This comparative 5-country project investigates the nature of public sector pay reforms during the current period of fiscal austerity and seeks to understand the challenges facing social partners, the associated strategies of procurement and the combined effects on patterns of wage and employment inequalities. The coordinating EWERC team is collaborating with research partners in France, Germany, Hungary and Sweden. All country teams are completing a wide-ranging review of public sector pay reforms with a specific focus on local government through original case studies and analysis of secondary data. A major conference in Brussels on 22-23 November 2012 will disseminate the findings of the project and debate the implications for government policy and social partners’ strategies.
Awarding body and amount: European Commission (DGV) (€340,000)
Emotional regulation of others and Self
Research team: David Holman and Karen Niven
The key aim of the Emotion Regulation in Others and Self (EROS) research project is to examine emotion regulation from different disciplinary perspectives including neuroscience, developmental psychology, social psychology, sports psychology and organisational psychology. Five universities are involved in the four year project, including the University of Manchester. As part of the EROS project David Holman and Karen Niven have conducted a series of applied and experimental studies on the antecedents and consequences of intrapersonal and interpersonal emotion regulation.
Awarding body and amount: Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) (£40,000)